|PRIVATE AUTOMATIC EXCHANGES
10 and 15 line
Designed with emphasis on low cost and simplicity, these newly developed 10 and 15 line
private automatic exchanges provide secret communication between extensions, with
intrusion facilities available to selected extensions.
Both exchanges are ideally suited
for use in small manufacturing units, depots, warehouses, offices, small businesses, and
similar establishments where they can function adequately as the sole means of internal
Alternatively, either can be gainfully employed as an auxiliary system in
larger organisations to relieve the internal traffic load on a busy private branch
exchange, so enabling the PBX operator to handle the important external calls with greater
ease and efficiency.
High lights general to both designs:
- Powered by integral transformer/rectifier-types available cover all normal mains voltages
- Mains derived ringing and tones-eliminating need for expensive conventional equipment.
- Low fault liability-robust and reliable components.
- Easy maintenance-straight forward circuit design.
- Wall mounting-small space requirements.
- Total enclosure.
- High-grade finish.
10 line PAX
This unit, equipped with one connecting circuit, provides secret communication between any
two of up to 10 extensions at any one time. Calls are made by dialling single-digit codes,
the extensions being numbered 1 to 0. One extension may have an intrusion facility
enabling the user to intervene in an established connection. This is accomplished by
momentary operation of the press button provided on the particular telephone, and signalled
by an intrusion tone to line. The engaged parties clear down on request, and the wanted
extension is then dialled.
|PAX 10 cover off
||PAX 10 cover on
15 line PAX
Two connecting circuits permit two simultaneous secret conversations between any two pairs
from up to 15 extensions. Calls are made by dialling one or two-digit codes, extensions
being numbered 1 to 9 and 01 to 06. Up to three extensions may be provided with intrusion
When a dialled extension is engaged, busy tone is transmitted. If the caller has the
intrusion facility, he can break into the engaged connection by dialling digit 1. When the
engaged extension users replace their handsets on request, the wanted extension is
PAX 15 cover off
The exchange equipment's are housed in mat elephant-grey all metal cabinets fitted with
The switching apparatus is of British Post Office standard type and consists of strip
relays Type 12 (common yoke), major relays Type 3000, and two types of single-motion
selector; miniature (10 line unit) and heavy-duty type (15 line unit).
The apparatus is
mounted on a hinged-gate framework, giving convenient access to rear wiring and the back plate miscellaneous equipment. This includes the line terminal block and
ringing-and-tone equipment, comprising mains
transformer (with input, output and d.c. fusing), rectifier, and capacitor/resistor
The back plate incorporates wall mounting brackets and protected cable entry holes for the
passage of line cables and mains supply leads. Connection to the mains supply can be
permanent or by flexible lead and plug.
Wiring is p.v.c. insulated throughout.
Ringing and Tones
Dial, busy and intrusion tones are mains derived via a 28V transformer tapping and
capacitor/resistor network. Ringing is at
mains frequency and transformer tapped at 56V (nominal).
The working voltage of both exchange units is 45 to 55V d.c. (50V nominal), derived from
the standard built-in transformer which is designed for connection to 50Hz mains supplies
within the range of 200 to 250V. Alternatively, transformers for operation on 60Hz, or
within the range of 100 to 150V, can be supplied.
Two-wire Plesseyphones specifically developed for PAX working are recommended for general
extension use. For the extension with the intrusion facility on the 10 line unit, a 3-wire
version with press button is available. Both types are supplied in silver-grey, lava green,
hemp beige, ivory and black. Alternatively, other types of standard automatic telephones
with and without press button can be used, provided each incorporates an a.c. ringer and
has a dial adjusted to transmit 10 pps with a 2:1 break/make ratio.
The loop resistance of extension lines can be up to 1000 for the 10 line unit; for the 15
line unit 550 ohms maximum is permissible. Using 6 lb/mile (0.5mm) cable, these values
correspond respectively to distances between the PAX and telephone of approximately 625yd
(593m) and 3585yd (3262m).
12in x 8.75 in x 7.25 in (305 x 221 x 186mm).
12in x 24in x 8.25 in (305 x 610 x 209mm).
One 10-line unit 14 lb (6.4 kg) net.
4 units (multiple export pack)
112 lb (50.8 kg).
One15-line unit 48 lb(21.8 kg) net.
4 units (multiple export pack)
260 lb (117.9 kg).
|10-line exchange unit
|15-line exchange unit
|3-wire telephone with press button (10-line PAX only)
Taken from the Ericsson catalogue, edition No. 49