GEC C.B. TELEPHONE SWITCHBOARD
FLOOR PATTERN (WITH LAMP SIGNALLING)
CS500 series (Standard), CS3600 series (Tropical), CS3510 series (Standard) and CS3610 series (Tropical)
This switchboard is readily adaptable both in size and in function. The maximum capacity is sixty extension lines, but the board can be supplied equipped for twenty or forty extension lines for additions by twenty-line stages, all boards being fully wired. If connexion from this switchboard to the public telephone system is required, either initially or subsequently, a unit accommodating five junction lines to any automatic, C.B. or magneto exchange is easily fitted to the hinged framework at the rear of the cabinet.
Ten line relays are normally supplied with the switchboard for use with lines of 20-600 ohms resistance. Where the line resistance is less than 200 ohms, the special G.E.C. line lamp may be connected directly in the line. Positive supervision is provided on each line in an extension-to-extension call on calls over the junction lines, the extension line lamp gives a positive clearing signal. Connexions are made by calling and answering cords. Fully equipped, the board has eight cord circuits any pair of lines may be connected by any pair of cords.
The operator of this switchboard is normally supplied with a headset
telephone. Alternatively, an operatorís handset can be supplied on
request. The operator rings or speaks to any extension by combined RING
AND SPEAK keys. Keys are not provided to connect extensions to the
junction lines. Lift-out doors at the rear provide easy access to
all wiring and
Switchboards No. CS3510 series (Standard) and CS3610 series (Tropical)
Similar in operation and facilities to switchboards Cat. No. CS3500/3600 series, these boards accommodate up to 200 extensions. The switchboards are normally supplied equipped for 100 extensions, but equipment can be added, initially or subsequently, to accommodate either 150 or 200 extensions.
20-line relays are included for long lines of 200-600 ohms resistance.
A junction-line unit of 10 lines to any automatic, C.B. or
magneto public exchange is supplied if ordered.
Features Common to all Central Battery Switchboards
Each of these switchboards permits its operator to set up calls between its extensions. Provision is also made on the switchboard for one or more junction lines to the public exchange. When these junction lines are equipped, the operator can set up calls between the switchboard extensions and the public telephone system.
To almost all the switchboards keys are fitted which, in the absence of the operator, connect the exchange lines directly to any selected extensions. These extensions may then be used exactly as if by an ordinary subscriber on the public exchange, provided the instruments are fitted with dials or ringing generators if the public exchange is automatic or magneto.
All boards are provided with a buzzer which, if switched into circuit, gives audible indication of incoming calls.
Cat. No. CS5100/5200 series switchboards have a highly polished walnut veneer cabinet. The other boards described are housed in matt polished hardwood. All cabinets are sturdy in construction and allow easy access to the wiring and apparatus they contain.
All switchboards in the range are fully wired for the maximum number of lines quoted, but can be supplied only partially equipped so that both immediate needs and future additions are catered for with the greatest economy.
The number of calls that may be passed through the switchboard simultaneously is determined by the number of cord circuits or connecting circuits with which the switch board is equipped. This number is quoted in the specification tables given in this Catalogue for every size in each range of switchboard.
Power for operating the switchboards may be obtained over power leads from the main exchange. Alternatively, power may be drawn either from AC mains via a mains unit or from a local battery, preferably float-charged, which need have no more than a 10 ampere-hour capacity.
Ringing current is normally drawn from the compact and powerful hand generator, but on cord switchboards provision is made for the connexion of an external source of ringing current, such as ringing leads from the main exchange, a local vibrator, or a ringing machine, to facilitate operation. The hand generator then acts as a standby.
Lamps or indicators inform the operator when a call is pending, is in progress, or has been completed. Positive supervision is said to be provided when the replacing of a handset at the end of a call lights a lamp or operates an indicator negative supervision, when the replacing of a handset extinguishes a lamp or restores an indicator.
Switchboards are supplied with an operatorís handset or headset telephone as required. The circuit of the operatorís telephone has great transmitting and receiving efficiency with full sidetone suppression.
G.E.C. switchboard cords are of great durability. The tinsel used in them is tested to ensure a life of 200,000 reciprocations without conductor fracture.
The switchboards may be supplied with a tropical finish to combat the effects of tropical climates.
The instruments recommended for extensions are the Gecophone, the G.E.C. Table Telephone, and the Muraphone, described in Catalogue Leaflets STL 9, 10 and 12 respectively. Extension instruments requiring the facility of dialling direct into an automatic public exchange, when connected at the switchboard to the junction lines, should be fitted with dials.
Each extension requires a two-wire connexion to the switchboard. Any adequately insulated twisted pair, suitably protected if exposed to the risk of damp or of mechanical damage, may be used, provided the line loop resistance does not exceed:-
200 ohms for switchboards without line relays.
600 ohms for switchboards containing line relays.
The following table gives examples of maximum lengths of line wires:-
|SIZE OF COPPER CONDUCTORS||MAXIMUM PERMISSIBLE LENGTH|
|A.W.G.||Dia.||200 ohms||600 ohms|
The line loop resistance is the resistance of both wires of a pair in series.
DISTRIBUTION, CABLING AND PROTECTION
The simplest method of connecting extension instruments to the switchboard is to run the line wires of each instrument directly to the terminal strip within the switchboard. Economy in line wires may often be effected by running a multi-core cable from the switchboard to a junction-box, so situated that only a short length of line wires is then needed to connect the instrument to the junction-box.
A distribution frame often simplifies the distribution scheme, particularly with a switchboard of large capacity. The wires from the switchboard, which are usually run in a multi-core cable, are terminated on the distribution frame to which the extension instruments are then wired. The use of a distribution frame simplifies alterations to numbering, line testing and the connexion of additional lines, and also provides protection against any high voltage and heavy currents that may accidentally be introduced from extraneous local sources.
In installations without distribution frames, line wires run outside the building should be protected against lightning by protection apparatus that is supplied if ordered.
Catalogue Numbers and Specification Table
|Catalogue Nos.||No. of Lines||Cord Circuits||Weight||Dimensions|
|CS3501||CS3601||60||20||8||6||138||63||52 x 22 x 29.25||132 x 55 x 74|
|CS3511||CS3611||200||100||15||9||220||100||56 x 28 x 29.5||142 x 70 x 75|
Taken from the GEC Publication No. CSL. 8
This looks like a modified CS3601 - the switchboard above
was made for the King of Jordan (picture 1954)
Rear view with back door remove of the switchboard above (picture 1954)
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Last revised: 06 December, 2008